How to identify bavarian china

Bavarian fine china, or porcelain, began to be produced in southern Germany in the late s and early s, and followed the European china trend of delicate floral patterns and gold gilt highlighting. Identifying the source of Bavarian china patterns requires a little research but is fairly easy to accomplish.

Many of the china manufacturers stamped their china pieces with a signature, such as Z. Find an online gallery of Bavarian mark stamps and signatures to help identify the marking on the china piece.

Look at resources that list china manufacturers and their patterns to correctly identify Bavarian china.

How to Identify Markings on China From Bavaria

One such website is Replacements. This will bring you to a page of pattern names and numbers made by that company. To view a certain pattern, click on the unique number or name or click on the sidebar to the left of the pattern names to view a gallery of patterns made by that company.

Meredith Jameson writes early childhood parenting and family health articles for various online publications. By: Meredith Jameson Updated April 12, Share It. Things You'll Need. About the Author. Photo Credits.Just because ceramic china dinnerware looks old, it doesn't mean that it's valuable. Spider cracks in glaze coats can happen during the firing process and not just come from age, which makes spidering a questionable identification technique.

The first steps in establishing the value of china dinnerware begin with identifying the type of china, the manufacturer, the artist or its age. Once you know the answer to one or more of these questions, you can determine the value of your old china dishes. Potters and artists use different clays when making ceramics, so knowing the type of clay can help you establish the china's value.

Fine porcelain china was first made for the royal families in China during the Song Dynasty between and A. English potters failed to replicate the recipe, but inJosiah Spode added ground-up ox bones into the mix to create bone china.

Both porcelain and fine bone china have a white glassy surface, but bone china is lighter, stronger and more translucent than porcelain. When china dishes are thick and heavy, they more than likely contain red, brown or gray clays. For china made afterthe McKinley Tariff Act required that goods imported into the United States must contain a country of origin stamp.

So, if the dishware contains a country name on its underside, there's a chance it was made after But, before that time, many manufacturers also included the name of the country or at least the pottery company's location, such as Limoges china, which indicates the region in France where the china was first made after a deposit of kaolin clay was discovered nearby in Another high-quality, old porcelain china, Meissen, bears the name of the region in which it originated — the Saxony state in Eastern Germany — where production began in An American entrepreneur, David Haviland, opened a factory in Limoges to make china dishes to sell to U.

While the first few pieces of dishware that came out of a pottery may not have a mark, manufacturers quickly took to adding a symbol or a hallmark — a logo — that identified the pieces they made. For example, Meissen china often bore the crossed swords symbol in a variety of forms over the years. Porcelain companies often changed the hallmark for a specific line, by year, or updated it as necessary.

Some marks contain a single letter, numbers, initials or symbols. English china often contains royal symbols, unicorns, lions or the crown, for example.

Once you've located a hallmark or some other identifying feature on the back of dishes, saucers and the bottoms of cups, compare it to online sites, information in books, or take the item to an antique collector or appraiser to establish its value. While you can check online auction or craft sites to see the prices stipulated by other sellers, for best results, contact a professional, as these methods may not indicate true or full value.

Sites that offer replacements pieces for your china dishware set may be able to give you an overall idea of the replacement value of individual pieces as well as the most collectible china patterns. Overall, the more complete the set, the better its condition, and the rarity of old china dishware — all add up to a higher value than new pieces.

What Is Bavarian China?

As a native Californian, artist, journalist and published author, Laurie Brenner began writing professionally in She has written for newspapers, magazines, online publications and sites. Brenner graduated from San Diego's Coleman College.

how to identify bavarian china

Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Look on the bottom of saucers, dishes and cups for hallmarks or monograms.

Share this article. Laurie Brenner. Show Comments.Although the number of Bavarian china patterns issued is huge, in many cases you can track down the manufacturer and name by first determining the manufacturer and general age range of the piece.

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Replacement-china retailers often feature image catalogs online to help you determine exactly what you have. Flip the piece of china over to look for lettering or a logo, often referred to as a backstamp. This marking helps determine the maker of the china because it features either the initials, the logo or the full name of the company that made it.

how to identify bavarian china

Over time, some companies change their logos, so the style of backstamp or logo also helps narrow down the era of your particular china pattern. Visit an online retailer or collector's site that catalogs markings on Bavarian china to compare the backstamp on your china to online images.

Once you've found a match for the backstamp, read the information listed next to it to determine the manufacturer's name and the era of the stamp as well. Once you've figured out the name of the china manufacturer, look it up on a replacement china website to view all the available patterns they've cataloged.

If the selection is too vast to sort through quickly, enter the manufacturer's name and another term that describes your pattern, such as "rose.

Check online auction sites as well, entering the same terms. The information may not be as accurate on auction sites, but if you see the same name used more than once for your pattern, you can do further research on that pattern name online.

If your china pattern is fairly rare or made by a relatively unknown manufacturer, you may not be able to find its name online. Send a picture file to a replacement-china retailer that offers a research service to get professional assistance tracking down the pattern name.

In some cases, they may charge a fee. Experts at local shops that sell Bavarian china may also be able to help you find more information about your china pattern. Kathy Adams is an award-winning journalist and freelance writer who traveled the world handling numerous duties for music artists. She enjoys exploring foreign locales and hiking off the beaten path stateside, snapping pics of wildlife and nature instead of selfies.

Skip to main content. Check the Backstamp Flip the piece of china over to look for lettering or a logo, often referred to as a backstamp. Compare the Stamp to Collected Images Visit an online retailer or collector's site that catalogs markings on Bavarian china to compare the backstamp on your china to online images. Narrowing Down the Pattern Online Once you've figured out the name of the china manufacturer, look it up on a replacement china website to view all the available patterns they've cataloged.

how to identify bavarian china

If You Can't Find the Image Online If your china pattern is fairly rare or made by a relatively unknown manufacturer, you may not be able to find its name online. Resources 1 Kovels: Price Guide: Bavaria. About the Author Kathy Adams is an award-winning journalist and freelance writer who traveled the world handling numerous duties for music artists.

Adams, Kathy. Home Guides SF Gate. Note: Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name. Customer Service Newsroom Contacts.Identifying antique china patterns can be a challenge, but if you know what to look for, it is possible to gather some information about your piece. China pieces without a mark are much more difficult to identify, but learning the typical characteristics of a manufacturer may assist you.

Some manufacturers, such as Wedgwood, or the potteries in Limoges, France, are well documented by collectors. Others are more obscure and require more research to identify. Turn your piece of china over and look for a maker's mark. It might be printed or stamped into the piece. If there are words in your mark, particularly initials, it will be easier to look up.

If there are not words in it, you will have to figure out what someone might have called it in order to look it up. Common symbols include shields, fleur de lys and star bursts. Printing may be quite small or blurred and require a magnifying glass or loupe to read. Consult antique china reference books.

Once you have identified the mark on your china, find reliable resources about that manufacturer. Use your library or browse at the bookstore before purchasing pricey guide books. For Internet research, visit only websites you can trust, such as a museum or reputable collectors' organization.

Compare the pattern on your piece with what you see in your reference materials. You must match the pattern exactly in order to reach a definitive conclusion. It can't be "almost like mine" or "practically the same. Companies sometimes made slight changes to another manufacturer's pattern and gave it a new name. Some marks include the name of the pattern. Use the pattern itself to gather information if you cannot identify your mark, or if your piece does not have a mark.

The only way to identify a pattern without knowing the maker is to flip through general antique china books until you see something similar. That is a more difficult route to take, but it is not impossible to identify a pattern this way. If the mark says "Bavaria" or "Limoges," that is a place to start. Bavaria and Limoges are not companies; they are regions.

Bavaria was the center of Germany's pottery industry, and Limoges is where most of France's china was produced. How the word is written will often determine the manufacturer of the piece. Both of these kinds of china are very well documented and will be relatively simple to research. Use the china mark itself to help date your piece, if the company changed marks over time. Some manufacturers used a different mark every year.

Items made in England between and were required to have a diamond-shaped British Registration Mark. Decode those marks to find the exact date of manufacture, down to the month. If there are no marks narrow your search by the style of the design -- Art Nouveau, Arts and Crafts and Art Deco designs can narrow the field.Bavarian china has been a fine-quality export to the United States for more than a century.

Identifying marks on Bavarian china has been a challenge for most of those years. Part of the challenge arises from the history of the country. It has been involved in war numerous times, including the Prusso-Austrian War, which resulted in it becoming a part of the German Reich in Bavaria became a free state in after World War I, and then was an administrative unit of the National Socialists. This history is important to understanding the marks on Bavarian porcelain and china, as some of the Germany backstamps are also Bavarian china.

Check the mark on the bottom of the china. Porcelain and china from Bavaria made for the export trade to the United States will be marked in English. Those not made for export or those made for export to German-speaking countries will be marked in German.

Many of the backstamps reflect the city of origin. Read whatever part of the mark you can and draw it on a piece of paper or copy it with a copy machine. Do not be concerned with the handwritten numbers as they are not associated with the mark.

They are decorator identification only. See if the Bavarian porcelain manufacturing company maintains a website. Some of these websites have German spellings and the site name ends in. Most of these websites have a company history, giving production dates and other information to help identify the marks. Identify the marks with the written information provided in the design of the logo or shape of the backstamp.

Use books to identify Bavarian china and porcelain backstamps.

How to Tell If Old China Dishes Are Valuable

The specialized source for German, Bohemian and Austrian porcelain marks is by Rontgen. This comprehensive book has pictures of the marks from to and gives the dates of use. Take a copy of the mark or a piece of the porcelain or china to a collectibles show or a mall specializing in collectibles and antiques.

Ask for help in identifying the mark from the shop owner or a dealer who has similar wares. Be persistent, and learn what you can from each source. Linda Richard has been a legal writer and antiques appraiser for more than 25 years, and has been writing online for more than 12 years. Richard holds a bachelor's degree in English and business administration. She has operated a small business for more than 20 years.

She and her husband enjoy remodeling old houses and are currently working on a s home.

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By: Linda Richard Updated April 12, Share It. About the Author. Photo Credits.Royal Bavarian China is still made today by some companies, such as Royal Bayruth. It is a quality china or porcelain that is very durable, even though it seems thin and fragile. The china dates back more than years by many companies in different locations. All Royal Bavarian China is marked or stamped on the bottom of the piece with a symbol.

Most current day markings will actually say "Royal Bavarian China," as well as the country in which it was made.

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For instance, the Royal Bayreuth is a green stamp in the shape of a circle with a crown on top. It has the words Royal Bavarian China and Germany within the stamp. Older Royal Bavarian China used other markings that are not used today. From toa '"T" was used to mark the china; from toa lion or shield marking was the stamp seen on the bottom of pieces.

How to spot a real antique from a fake

These markings can be found on plates, figurines, tea cups, pitchers and other china collectibles. Tara Dooley has written for various websites since She has worked as an accountant, after-school director and retail manager in various locations.

Dooley holds a Bachelor of Science in business management and finance. By: Tara Dooley Updated April 12, Share It. About the Author.Bavarian china collectible pieces come from one of the earliest and most sophisticated porcelain-producing regions in Europe -- Bavaria, Germany. Crests are stamped, indented or painted on the underside of the antique china, many under the glaze and most quite legible. The crests varied over time as china factories changed hands, and Bavaria's political status shifted.

A basic overview of Bavarian china production over the centuries will help you better identify the crest marks on your porcelain. For a more probable date and value, you can consult porcelain marks books and websites, antiques experts, and auction house or museum appraisers with a photograph of the china pattern and the crest on your piece.

how to identify bavarian china

Bavarian china was made from hard paste -- fine, white clay called kaolin that is fired at extremely high temperatures for a long time. The result is glossy -- often slightly translucent -- very hard porcelain that "pings" when struck. Once Europe discovered the secret of kaolin and fine porcelain-making, the powerful families who controlled the clay quarries opened china factories. Bavaria had high-quality clay quarries; its first potteries were named, and sometimes marked, for historic or contemporary rulers.

Later, owners of the Bavarian potteries added their names to the marks.

How to Identify Antique China Patterns

Identifying marks often featured the royal crest or parts of it, such as one or two of the golden lions. The lion was the heraldic animal of the Wittelsbach family, which ruled Bavaria for nearly 1, years.

Some marks show a crown, a common symbol of a royal license that might have a cross rising from its center or sitting atop a pair of intertwined Cs. Among the earliest porcelain factories were those established by decree in in Tettau, in Bavaria's Thuringia province.

Another common crest name is " Nymphenburg. A double triangle -- a six-pointed star -- with numbers and letters was also used.

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The china still features a rich, cream-tinted glaze, and is still made entirely by hand in the porcelain factories -- although the shield, a mark filled in with diamonds and often topped by a crown, has become more elaborate and colorful. Early marks were blue "T"sfor Tettau, followed by a period or dot, applied under the glaze. Untilthe "T" marks ranged from spare straight lines to more elaborate calligraphy. Later marks incorporated a banner bearing the letter T, displayed by a stylized lion standing on two legs, and sometimes showing words such as "Germany," "Bavaria" or "Caravane" a series design.

These marks, in use from towere gold and were sometimes elaborate. Aftersimilar gold stamps over glaze added different words and configurations of the banner and lion or lions; the words included "Tettau," "Royal Bayreuth," "Bavaria Wittelsbach Germany," "Hohenzollern China Germany" and the names of other manufacturers who ran the porcelain works. The marks blossomed into solid greens, reds and blues, followed by an ornate multicolor stamp from to Benna Crawford has been a journalist and New York-based writer since Crawford has a degree in theater, is a certified Prana Yoga instructor, and writes about fitness, performing and decorative arts, culture, sports, business and education.

Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Bayern: Staatswappen. Share this article. Benna Crawford. Show Comments.

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